Nearly four years after the enactment of the Affordable Care Act more than half (53%) of Americans disapprove of the law — but most of those opponents now say they want politicians to make the law work, according to a new Pew Research Center study.

The national survey, conducted between Feb. 27 and March 16 finds that when opponents of the health care law are asked about the law’s future, more (30%) want elected officials to try to make it work than to those who want politicians to make it fail (19%).

The study found 41% of Americans approve of the law.

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Not surprisingly, there continue to be deep partisan differences over the ACA, with 72% of democrats saying they approve of the law, 37% of independents and just 8% of Republicans.

Most Democrats and independents who disapprove of the ACA want government officials to try to make it work, according to Pew. Republicans, on the other hand, are more divided, with 43% saying elected officials should try to make the law fail and 40% hoping they will make it work.

Approval of the law also varies across racial and ethnic groups, the study finds. By nearly two-to-one (62% to 33%) more whites disapprove of the law than approve it. By contrast, 77% of blacks approve of the law, while just 18% disapprove. Hispanics were evenly divided, with 47% saying they approve of the law and 47% saying they disapprove.

Most men (57%) disapprove of the ACA, compared with 39% that say they approve of it. Women are more closely divided, the study finds, with 44% saying they approve and 50% saying they disapprove.

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